Seeing images of preened actors, or even thinner friends make much desire that their arms were that little bit thinner or abs more closely toned. Most of us have a current need to be a normal healthier weight, but not everyone appears to be able to achieve this goal.
The government is calling these rising national obesity levels an”epidemic”, issuing policy changes at a person, group and societal level. But just how can it be that the country is becoming so much rounder?
Addicted to calories
Have a trip to the regional supermarket and you’ll instantly be overwhelmed with all the abundance of highly-processed junk food that outlines the shelves. This widespread availability of unhealthy snacks signifies there’s a continuous temptation to overindulge.
This contemporary taste for junk food isn’t exactly a modern phenomenon and may be traced back two thousand decades. Our ancestors, the first from the Homo genus, developed a preference for high-calorie foods so as to satisfy the energy requirements of the burgeoning brains. The 21st-century person has kept these fatty-food cravings, in addition to the highly developed large mind. While resisting these non-toxic temptations may fall to the person, some people may show more addictive behaviours than others.
Too tempting not to have everything. ChameleonsEye
The brain’s limbic system is responsible for falling to those temptations. It benefits us for performing behaviours which aid our survival, like eating or exercising, through the release of the chemical dopamine.
Dopamine makes you feel happy and confident, meaning we are much more inclined to replicate the behaviour which led to its release. Engaging with recreational drugs can initially cause the brain to release much higher levels of dopamine compared to usual. In those with a well-developed substance-dependency, the brain lowers the levels of naturally produced dopamine in an effort to recover some chemical balance. This leads to a vicious cycle of dependence where the addict needs more of this substance simply to attain normal levels of dopamine.
Scientists have started to apply what they know about the mind and addiction to study the connection between obese overeating and individuals. Research done by the Harvard Medical School discovered that processed foods with a high glycemic index led to increased activations in the nucleus accumbens of overweight participants.
Included in the limbic reward system, the nucleus accumbens has been connected with chronic drug use and dependence. These findings offer some support for the possibility of real physical addiction to overeating and food. Eating sugary, fatty foods that you like may cause the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, motivating you to replicate these specific eating routines.
Negative attitudes to weight gain
It is the hope that such research will aid the authorities and the person in their mission to tackle that pesky inflated BMI. Maybe if we understand more about influencing factors on chronic overeating, we could better target successful treatment avenues.
That, though, has not stopped people with negative attitudes. Recently, a former Apprentice contestant Katie Hopkins came under fire for”fat-shaming”. She is working on a documentary for American TV by which, having obtained about 25kg earlier this year, she’s hoping to demonstrate how simple it is to lose weight.
Hopkins and many others place the blame of obesity on idleness, a negative attitude that may be damaging and counterproductive. Shaming people is never a useful method to cause change. In fact, these sorts of approaches can prove more detrimental to the quest for weight reduction.
It is not just about fat
In some cases, these negative beliefs about oneself can lead to diminished self-esteem, a lack of confidence and even depressive episodes. As with most addictions, depression and depressive thoughts are much more common among the obese population. The label of”melancholy” however can attract more undesirable stigma and criticism, even regardless of the fact that one in four people a year will experience some kind of mental health issue.
Mental health issues are physical issues that an individual can’t just ignore or snap out of. Mental illness causes bodily modifications to the brain. Even the”feel-good” chemical serotonin is diminished in the gloomy mind, resulting in intense sadness and a very low mood.
Drug treatments for depression aim to improve the levels of serotonin in the brain. However, it’s a more complex picture than a simple chemical imbalance. If we examine the brain of a depressed person, there are certain structures that are bigger than average and also have fewer neural connections. The hippocampus particularly is affected, the area associated with memory. There is also increased activity in certain regions of the mind, for instance, that the amygdala, which has been linked with the experience of feelings.
The hippocampus has a critical role in the processing of longterm memory and memory recollection. Increased exposure to the stress hormone cortisol through episodes of depression can impair the growth of nerve cells in this region of the brain, resulting in a significantly smaller hippocampus.
Activity in the amygdala is greater when a person is sad or clinically depressed. This greater activity means that a depressed person could feel that the emotion of despair more strongly and consistently.
In light of the physiological changes which could occur in the brain of the obese individual, it seems a bit acknowledgement is in order. Losing weight isn’t straightforward. It is not as straightforward as”eat less” or”stop being lazy”. What’s required is some sensitivity, some patience and improved treatment options. Most men and women know from experience that eating less or more healthily is tough. If you decided to shed weight, you must first motivate yourself to conquer negative disposition or lowered self-esteem, and then overcome the addiction to the meals.
It isn’t all doom and gloom. While losing weight is difficult, it isn’t impossible. It may be possible to train your mind to prefer wholesome food. In the current research, a group of obese individuals was enrolled in a weight reduction program designed by researchers, where they had been awarded portion-controlled menus and recipe plans. Brain scans were taken of the people enrolled in the program and compared to overweight men and women in a group that didn’t participate in the program. Click here for navigate to resurge review
When presented with images of low-calorie meals, people in the weight-loss condition showed significantly more activity in the reward centers of the brain. The program was able to reverse the addictive power of foods that are unhealthy.
Addiction can also be targeted through behavioral treatments. In more difficult cases cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) may be helpful to aid patients to recognize, prevent, and cope with situations in which they are likely to over-indulge. However, an outstanding, fun, and productive alternative to CBT could be to combine a local weight loss group. Weight loss groups provide social support, known to be a powerful and economic tool in tackling obesity. Group discussion and support provide the opportunity to share diet and workout ideas, get encouragement, and set realistic weight-loss objectives.
Education about the plight of losing weight is vital. There are obstacles that stand in the way of weight loss, but by learning about these obstacles we are better equipped to tackle them.